Jul 31, 2012

August 1, 1838

 
b&w film copy neg.

O Happy Day!

http://www.bigdrumnation.org/notes/emancipation.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slavery_Abolition_Act_1833
http://sharenews.com/archives/opinion20090729august-1-emancipation-day-ontario/
http://jamaicanfamilysearch.com/Samples2/slavery.htm
http://sharenews.com/fascinating-history-of-guyana-needs-to-be-taught/
http://raceandhistory.com/selfnews/viewnews.cgi?newsid996649200,78926,.shtml
http://www.thenewblackmagazine.com/view.aspx?index=390
http://jamaica-gleaner.com/pages/history/story006.html
http://sharenews.com/august-1-marks-the-end-of-the-slavery-of-africans/
http://consciouspen.blogspot.ca/2011/08/saluting-emancipation-day.html
http://www.guyana.org/features/guyanastory/chapter46.html
http://singyoursongthemovie.com/life-in-jamaica/

Medal commemorating the Emancipation of the West Indies, 1838 (white metal) (b/w photo)
Racism - A History
http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=endscreen&NR=1&v=f-Ax0h8rBq0  1
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Uvy0MYGaSkQ&feature=related  2

Blacks in Belize

Slave crueltyhttp://www.blackpast.org/?q=gah/history-belize
http://www.belizetimes.bz/2010/02/19/black-history-month/
http://www.belizeans.com/forums/showthread.php?7126-Belize-has-a-dirty-dirty-little-secret.-They-don%92t-like-black-people-in-Belize
http://www.belizenet.com/history/chap5.html
http://ambergriscaye.com/earlyhistory/timeline.html
http://www.amandala.com.bz/index.php?id=12723

Reflections on Ethnicity and Nation in Belize Assad Shoman

Vincente Guerrero

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vicente_Guerrero
http://www.mexconnect.com/articles/1934-blacks-in-mexico-a-brief-overview
 http://moreintelligentlife.com/content/places/alexis-okeowo/black-mexicans
http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1922192,00.html
http://articles.latimes.com/2008/apr/13/local/me-afromexside13
http://boards.brownpride.com/showthread.php/why-do-mexicans-63071.html?s=7c49a52debb500e5866fe82cca74c419&


PBS - The Black Grandmother in the Closet
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/black-in-latin-america/featured/full-episode-mexico-peru/227/

Afro-Mexicano Symposium
http://www.springerlink.com/content/21lt83bpfmqta90k/

Ray Hooker of Nicaragua



http://www.miamiherald.com/multimedia/news/afrolatin/part1/index.html
http://www.nicaliving.com/node/1454

Ray Hooker
http://www.fadcanic.org.ni/?q=node/299
http://www.fadcanic.org.ni/
http://www.nicaliving.com/node/5909
http://articles.latimes.com/1990-04-01/news/mn-1056_1_ethnic-minorities
http://tecschange.org/classic/uraccan/radio.html

Video
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AzNDgTUZPWU

Afro-Salvadorian
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afro-Salvadoran

José Raphael Carrera Turcios of Guatemala

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/96929/Rafael-Carrera
http://www.bahamasissues.com/~marcusga/wmview.php?ArtID=503
http://biography.staging.yourdictionary.com/jose-rafael-carrera
http://www.answers.com/topic/rafael-carrera
http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3404701152.html

French
http://fr.goldenmap.com/Rafael_Carrera
http://dbpedia.org/page/Rafael_Carrera

Articles
http://www.cbpm.org/guatemala.html
http://www.bjmjr.net/afromestizo/guatemala.htm
http://andrewtrembley.blogspot.ca/2007/11/race-and-ethnicity.html
http://www.coha.org/garifuna-voices-of-guatemala-an-overlooked-segment-of-the-african-diaspora/
http://muse.jhu.edu/login?auth=0&type=summary&url=/journals/the_americas/v057/57.2herrera.pdf
http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/tam/summary/v064/64.4opie.html


José Francisco Pena



When it comes to Afro-denial, the Dominican Republic has, historically and ironically, taken the cake by far. Although the times they are a'changing.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jos%C3%A9_Francisco_Pe%C3%B1a_G%C3%B3mez


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dominican_people

http://blackagendareport.com/content/dominican-republic-hates-black-people
http://www.miamiherald.com/multimedia/news/afrolatin/part2/index.html
http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/culture/dominicans.htm
http://www.dominicantoday.com/dr/local/2010/7/8/36255/No-blacks-no-gays-Dominican-Republic-bar-sticks-by-its-ways

Videos
Dr. Gomez
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ddYYOFTpXGI
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fVLsT8_2afs&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n2FNMZShw6o&feature=related

Other
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HmIb6FLhdS8
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nq_fhuvyvvs

Struggling with Racism
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P7WpPANS_AU&feature=relmfu
Anti-Haitian Racism
http://www.youtube.com/watch?NR=1&feature=endscreen&v=TJXwSACJDKg
http://www.youtube.com/watch?NR=1&v=_dz8GKKWwfM&feature=endscreen
http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=endscreen&NR=1&v=PhWJKbvZVoY

The Roots of Division
http://www.youtube.com/watch?NR=1&feature=endscreen&v=6RlG4b3LV9o

Controversy
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nzKCzX129p4&feature=related

Stop Denying Your Blackness (Must-See)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=endscreen&NR=1&v=Fj_SC38r770
http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=endscreen&NR=1&v=uILy-WF48Zs
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eMWz8iq8PiM&feature=relmfu

Beauty
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HmIb6FLhdS8&feature=related

Rafael Cordero

File:Rafael Cordero.JPG

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_immigration_to_Puerto_Rico
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rafael_Cordero_(educator)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rafael_Cordero_Santiago
http://www.preb.com/biog/cordero.htm
Famous US-born Afro-Latinos and Identity
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WWA3AHvgZqQ&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tT7_oQzDYMw&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7lxKIqWXJIs&feature=related

Issues
http://www.nativetimes.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=5143:puerto-rico-sees-increase-in-blacks-american-indians&catid=51&Itemid=27
http://www.city-data.com/forum/u-s-territories/1220482-african-americans-puerto-rico-3.html

Videos
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lb-qcOqNInQ
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fRCMKpyEbl8&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MvL-c6ti2iE&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uhBqWJOZ9-A&feature=related

Message
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rsBL6Fh3ybY&feature=relmfu

Blacks in Costa Rica



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epsy_Campbell_Barr
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afro-Costa_Rican
http://epsycampbell.com/
http://www.weyanoke.org/historyculture/BlacksInCostaRica.html
http://www.everyculture.com/Middle-America-Caribbean/Blacks-of-Costa-Rica.html

Videos
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DB_VpEUsyX0
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ewLsfkAvj6A
http://www.youtube.com/watch?NR=1&feature=endscreen&v=Awm-eNJ9XT8

Afro-Central Americans
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eFZ_u1wIP3U&feature=related

Frantz Fanon



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frantz_Fanon
http://www.english.emory.edu/Bahri/Fanon.html
http://www.med.uottawa.ca/historyofmedicine/hetenyi/mcpherson.htm
http://revolutionaryfrontlines.wordpress.com/category/international/indigenous-international/
http://www.marxists.org/subject/africa/fanon/index.htm

Videos
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cNnHrdqHMMA
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QTfjNbBEZQc

French
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3V9Tq1mIsOA
http://www.youtube.com/watch?NR=1&feature=endscreen&v=Jkz6oFRApwo
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6hE_yHEduUk&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iuahQ3ZbvNw&feature=relmfu
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KDSxd8zeI0k&feature=related

Guevara and Fanon
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8bXqXDz6yBE&feature=related  1
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iuahQ3ZbvNw&feature=relmfu  2
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8bXqXDz6yBE&feature=related   3
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iuahQ3ZbvNw&feature=relmfu  4

Jul 30, 2012

Blacks in Panama



http://thesilverpeoplechronicle.com/2011/04/the-evolution-of-panama%E2%80%99s-black-ethnicity-day-celebration.html
http://thesilverpeopleheritage.wordpress.com/2009/04/29/black-ethnicity-day-celebration-in-panama/
http://countrystudies.us/panama/27.htm
http://thesilverpeoplechronicle.com/2012/05/what-have-we-got-to-be-proud-of.html#more-3274
http://visitpanama.com/index.php?option=com_k2&view=item&id=1262:col%C3%B3n-festeja-el-d%C3%ADa-de-la-etnia-negra&Itemid=564&lang=en
http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080206180236AAEdqUA
http://www.cidcm.umd.edu/mar/assessment.asp?groupId=9501

Videos
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m2Kn0lWkJUI
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QOh_sihC-6E&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ufv9B-C61eA&feature=related

The Garifuna


The Garifuna People were never enslaved.
http://www.garifunaheritagefoundation.org/192.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garifuna_people
http://www.minorityrights.org/2573/honduras/afrohondurans.html
http://www.worldtrek.org/odyssey/latinamerica/021399/021399jamilaafrican.html

Authentic African Culture in Honduras? Afro-Central Americans ...

Videos
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s1LFIJUyQSI

Garifuna Documentary
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RPLYIZJ9Els&feature=related
Honduras: Garifuna of the North Coast
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CBb4R95EAoI&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=endscreen&v=dRbf5MWeSFQ&NR=1

Soy Garifuna
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lGGe2gM7vP4&feature=related

Garifuna History
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vfd4PZJQveE&feature=related
http://www.beinggarifuna.com/blog/2012/04/15/garifuna-people-unhappy-that-honduran-government-has-not-fulfilled-promises-after-215-years-in-honduras/
La Aventura Garifuna
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7unT0927ag8&feature=related  1
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_5qHSC5flSs&feature=results_video&playnext=1&list=PL9364D5B0496E3065  2
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XFi8govmR3Y&feature=BFa&list=PL9364D5B0496E3065&index=15  3

The Garifuna Heritage  (Belize)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BM63f5SBlkw&feature=related  1
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qYgQkH4S7cY&feature=relmfu  2

Nicaragua
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qLNcT1WTg9U&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=quPG3WeoKYE&feature=related

Jean Beausejour

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Beausejour

http://www.finalcall.com/artman/publish/World_News_3/article_7203.shtml

Videos
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HP5aBj2Xvg8&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J1OgoWFSfc8&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bFsrdZ4OwAI&feature=related

Article
http://miketendstotravel.com/2011/07/31/in-chile-a-strike-against-racism-and-racial-profiling/


Lazaro Medina



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afro-Paraguayans
http://www.iaf.gov/index.aspx?page=386
http://www.forumbiodiversity.com/showthread.php?t=32887
http://adm4840.softcha.com/kambakua/index.htm
http://entretenimiento.terra.com.pe/musica/el-candombe-incorpora-canto-y-coro-para-sobrevivir-en-paraguay,8424303c3d0c4310VgnVCM3000009af154d0RCRD.html

Afro-Paraguayan Spanish: The Negation of Non-Existence

Videos
http://www.ultimahora.com/notas/287267-Comunidad-Camba-Cua-prepara-la-fiesta-de-San-Baltazar
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4INyXNAvUqk
http://www.youtube.com/watch?NR=1&v=2Op4-nZypCQ&feature=endscreen
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=82H92_MVfNk&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zNkAh43J0Cw&feature=relmfu

ShareNews
http://sharenews.com/archives/opinion20101020strong-african-presence-latin-america/


French
http://www.afriblog.com/blog.asp?code=GuyEverardMbarga&no_msg=9509

Jul 29, 2012

François Mackandal



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fran%C3%A7ois_Mackandal
http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/people_mackandal_francois.html
http://www.macandal.org/paper.html
http://www.macandal.org/

Carlos Moore


Dr. Carlos Moore, Cuban by birth, and former interpreter for Fidel Castro during his visit to Harlem, is a major commentator on Blacks in Cuba. His autobiography, "Pichon" makes for very interesting reading. Now living in Brazil, he also has stated his views on the situation of Blacks there.
http://www.drcarlosmoore.com/
http://www.drcarlosmoore.com/passions.asp
http://www.drcarlosmoore.com/roots.asp
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlos_Moore
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afro-Cuban
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Racism_in_Cuba
http://afrocubaweb.com/carlosmoore.htm
http://www.theroot.com/articles/culture/2010/07/race_in_cuba_the_root_interviews_afrocuban_exile_carlos_moore.html

Videos
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0VlVYRo2G3s
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rJ7_mLmAyoo&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=quzdwNCpJHM&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q1OJ-WyrEV4&feature=relmfu
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KODSdTVMk3o&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4y8wSI2wZPA&feature=related


Fela Kuti (Portuguese)
http://ahh.com.br/presite/?p=1974
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xNGZIib5Et4&feature=related (English)
https://blackwomenofbrazil.co/2016/11/12/seun-kuti-son-afrobeat-legend-fela-kuti-films-video-for-his-song-black-woman-with-cast-of-afro-brazilian-women-in-rio-and-porto-alegre/

Abdias do Nascimento
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LYUj7vcxviY

Comment on "Pichon" (Spanish)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D2ujsAzP1KI&feature=related

Abdias do Nascimento




Abdias do Nascimento was a noted Brazilian Civil Rights leader, actor, painter, author, politician, and Nobel Peace Prize nominee.



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abdias_do_Nascimento
http://www.verinhaottoni.com/abdiasdonascimento/texts/bio.html
http://articles.latimes.com/1990-04-10/news/mn-1035_1_african-culture
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/31/world/americas/31nascimento.html
http://madamenoire.com/109934/afro-brazilian-civil-rights-leader-abdias-do-nascimento/
http://www.zeleza.com/blogging/u-s-affairs/remembering-abdias-do-nascimento
http://thebrazilshow.com/brazil/abdias-nascimento-dies/
http://americasouthandnorth.wordpress.com/2012/07/15/get-to-know-a-brazilian-abdias-do-nascimento/
http://www.blackpast.org/?q=gah/nascimento-abdias-do-1914
https://sites.google.com/site/afropedia/abdias-do-nascimento

In Memoriam for Abdias do Nascimento (Bobby Seales)
http://blackpagesbrazil.com.br/?p=2462

Videos
Uma cruz mais
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GTOAx_t7byA&feature=related
Books
http://www.temple.edu/tempress/titles/1402_reg_print.html
http://www.amazon.com/Brazil-Mixture-Massacre-Essays-Genocide/dp/0912469269
http://www.amazon.com/Africans-Brazil-A-Pan-African-Perspective/dp/0865432392/ref=pd_sim_b_3

Book Review
http://ciis.academia.edu/FelaUhuru/Papers/1354567/Book_Review_Abdias_do_Nascimentos_Brazil_Mixture_or_Massacre_Essays_in_the_Genocide_of_a_Black_People

Augustinha e Abdias
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9yh96G7jg6E&feature=relmfu

Memoria Negra
http://vimeo.com/25455659  1
http://vimeo.com/26115386  2

TV Camara
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tEf_02cQefc  1
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MkyVItJ2Kh0  2
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GrNc2schVXU&feature=related

Olodum
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-HTApx1rSW0&feature=related

Carlos Moore
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LYUj7vcxviY&feature=relmfu

Living Memory
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EuQwGkkBVUI  1
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cu6G4z5GiRA&feature=relmfu

Espelho
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fvSvdDwvVaw  1
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2nhwGPp0Pe0&feature=related  2
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rm49WLD1e7k&feature=related  3

Velorio na Camara Municipal do Rio de Janeiro
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lJnT-VUhRII
Movie
http://frdennismoviereviews.blogspot.ca/2012/06/abdia-do-nascimento.html

Black Pride
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9ZctDfysuhg&feature=relmfu
Discrimination
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4d77uCRe6As&feature=related
Salvador
http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=endscreen&v=Vj8lP-yg04U&NR=1

Fanon's Reception in Brazil
 http://thinkingafricarhodesuniversity.blogspot.ca/2011/12/frantz-fanons-reception-in-brazil.html

Related
http://studyabroadbrazil.webs.com/
http://guyaneseonline.wordpress.com/2013/08/02/brazil-slavery-and-struggle-for-racial-equality-2-videos/#comment-33082

Joaquin Lenzina

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joaqu%C3%ADn_Lenzina
http://www.myetymology.com/encyclopedia/Joaquin_Lenzina.html
http://books.google.ca/books?id=PMVm-e6MyxEC&pg=PA35&lpg=PA35&dq=joaquin+lenzina&source=bl&ots=zVg4K6C8xv&sig=XI6bwsUKnKgWX39KUwWQ4sVn1sM&hl=en&sa=X&ei=w5AVUKGaFMne0QHtzoCwCA&ved=0CEgQ6AEwADgK#v=onepage&q=joaquin%20lenzina&f=false
http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/country,,IRBC,,URY,,3f7d4e321c,0.html

Spanish
http://www.chasque.net/vecinet/ansina.htm


http://www.nytimes.com/1993/05/07/world/montevideo-journal-uruguay-is-on-notice-blacks-want-recognition.html
http://www.reuters.com/article/2009/02/06/us-uruguay-carnival-idUSTRE5155Q420090206
http://ahorasecreto.blogspot.ca/2012/07/blacks-in-uruguay.html
http://www.blackpast.org/?q=perspectives/afro-uruguay-brief-history
http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/1007186?uid=3739448&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=3737720&uid=4&sid=21100950085613

Videos
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b6W641ThOHI
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kCGG2_hNB4A&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mX3qwcdAbVE

Building Identity
http://www.miamiherald.com/multimedia/news/afrolatin/part3/racism.html
Candombe
http://www.candombe.com/html_eng/whatis.html
General
http://www.newint.org/features/1991/12/05/black/


Jul 27, 2012

Blacks in Argentina


The first President of Argentina was of African descent. Yet a former President (Menem) once said: "There are no Blacks in Argentina. Brazil has that problem". That says a lot about why we need to study history and know how it can be falsified and mislead us about present reality. How did the "problem" disappear in Argentina?
http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=endscreen&v=6536IZD1f90&NR=1
http://katti.me/tag/blacks-in-argentina/
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z1Szi3by5Fs&feature=fvwrel
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RD6bjXALw-g&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=endscreen&NR=1&v=Spi6YtYxpZQ
http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=endscreen&NR=1&v=p8M3I6pyOos
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gJbRMJa5MkM&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?NR=1&feature=fvwp&v=6536IZD1f90

Black Music in Buenos Aires
h?v=p2Khs3SEuxI&feature=relmfu  1
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A6EDu8O1B0k&feature=related  2
http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=endscreen&NR=1&v=AtNgyYWrq4w  3
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wm85vbkxqLM&feature=related

Important
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MGJA8eWZ3j0&feature=related
http://www.escrutiniodigital.com/temas-historicos/why-there-is-no-blacks-in-argentina/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Candombe
http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/argentina/090810/afro-argentines-assert-identity-culture
http://www.africaspeaks.com/reasoning/index.php?topic=2964.0;wap2

The Afro-Argentinian Legacy of Tango
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wm85vbkxqLM&feature=related

Jaime Hurtado

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jaime_Hurtado
http://revolutionarydemocracy.org/rdv5n1/hurtado.htm
http://www.evi.com/q/jaime_hurtado_gonz%c3%a1lez_bio
http://www.mundoandino.com/Ecuador/Jaime-Hurtado
http://ultimatumkitu.blogspot.ca/2010/03/sancion-para-los-asesinos-de-jaime.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afro_Ecuadorian

Articles
http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport3/worldcup2002/hi/team_pages/ecuador/newsid_1935000/1935943.stm
Awareness of Racism and Discrimination in Ecuador

Videos
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-Uq3GDKXx1k&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zCCRCcw9MrY&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jisjGWwIl_4

Battle against Racism
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zCCRCcw9MrY&feature=related

Racism and Hate
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=daGGnKrJyZg

Jorge Medina


Jorge Medina, leader of the Afro-Bolivian community, broadcasts Afro-Bolivian issues on his radio show.

http://www.flickr.com/photos/americasquarterly/5912511266/
http://infosurhoy.com/cocoon/saii/xhtml/en_GB/features/saii/features/2009/06/30/feature-02

Interviews
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2z4E7ra1y18&feature=relmfu
http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=endscreen&v=fy85JJmEbtE&NR=1

Videos
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OM8VfNck8ng
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PhXKpfXxoWo&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-iTr1SsvJo0&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GfQkfmYQL-o&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vfkX4Ipgy5M&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gtpr-wwT954&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DCLhlozmG30&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i2iNvNNXsw4&feature=related

King
http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=endscreen&NR=1&v=nShS8koG2jM  1
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aMHF8zIdblc&feature=relmfu  2

Important
http://www.un.org/en/events/iypad2011/video.shtml
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WnDLzdovEJk&feature=related
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/7958783.stm
http://www.bolivianexpress.org/blog/from-africa-to-the-andes
http://www.radioangulo.cu/en/news/the-world/15591-bolivia-no-to-racism-and-discrimination-.html

Francisco Congo





http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afro-Peruvian
http://www.wildriverreview.com/node/164
http://fulbrighthaysperu.wordpress.com/2011/07/27/the-national-movement-francisco-afroperuano-congo/
http://reocities.com/Athens/crete/8530/
http://www.minorityrights.org/1991/peru/afroperuvians.html
Related
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afro-Peruvian
https://sites.google.com/site/afropedia/afro-peruvian
http://www.scribd.com/doc/34328122/Yo-Soy-Negro-Blackness-in-Peru-Introductory-Chapter
http://www.afrolatinos.tv/index.php?root.display/227/Per%FA#lang2pag1
http://vibesdafrique.proboards.com/index.cgi?board=1&action=display&thread=2886

Videos
http://hidvl.nyu.edu/video/000516452.html
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bNytiongE28
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xrWkadi826c
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=POV7fREsNXI
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V6vmM7s1Qw8
Image
http://hitchcock.itc.virginia.edu/Slavery/details.php?categorynum=16&theRecord=16&recordCount=74

Education

Interculturality for Afro-Peruvians: Towards a racially inclusive ...

ehlt.flinders.edu.au/education/iej/articles/v7n1/Valdiviezo/paper.pdf

http://www2.uah.es/vivatacademia/anteriores/n80/docencia.htm
Pan-African
http://alliancepanafricaniste.org/Anglais/resistANglais/resistance1anglais.html

Vicky Leyva
http://twitter.com/vickyleyva

Faces of Afro-South Americans
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jw5XuFgY3eg&feature=relmfu

General Interest (crazy)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4ufhdzYaGb0&feature=related

José Leonardo Chirino

http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jos%C3%A9_Leonardo_Chirino
http://www.venezuelatuya.com/biografias/chirinos_jose_leonardo.htm
http://elvalledesimon.blogspot.ca/2010/04/ensenanza-burguesa-invisibilizo-papel.html

Video
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iRV8rtQEGi0&feature=relmfu
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iRV8rtQEGi0&feature=related

Important Blog
http://ahorasecreto.blogspot.ca/2011_05_01_archive.html

Carlota



http://www.afrocubaweb.com/carlota.htm
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/CubaNews/message/45557
http://www.shunpiking.com/bhs2007/0402-BHS2-FOC-carlota.htm

Related
http://sharenews.com/operation-carlotta-turned-tide-against-apartheid/
http://www.africandiaspora.barule.org/african_diaspora_-_afroicons.htm

Jul 26, 2012

Bussa

File:Bussa.pnghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bussa
http://www.barbados.org/bussa.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bussa_Emancipation_Statue
http://www.itzcaribbean.com/history_barbados_bussa.php
http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/education/lessons/lesson52.htm
http://www.totallybarbados.com/barbados/About_Barbados/Local_Information/People/Barbados_National_Heroes/838.htm
http://bajan.wordpress.com/2012/07/16/searching-for-bussa-an-african-slave-and-a-barbados-hero/

Of Interest
https://barbadosunderground.wordpress.com/2015/12/29/a-new-years-revolution/

Quamina



http://abolition.e2bn.org/resistance_53.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demerara_rebellion_of_1823


Video
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i6uX9yxKJqw

Gaspar Yanga


Gaspar Yanga

http://www.blogger.com/blogger.g?
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afro-Mexican
http://www.blogger.com/blogger.http://www.smithsonianeducation.org/migrations/legacy/almleg.html
http://www.aaregistry.org/historic_events/view/yanga-african-abolitionist-and-rebel-mexico
blogID=867754515839389798#editor/target=post;postID=7512837347012234145

Benkos Biojo

http://raisingcolombiankids.blogspot.ca/2010/05/benkos-bioho-and-cimarrones.html
https://www.tumblr.com/search/benkos%20bioho
http://www.vamosaandar.com/2011/03/13/homenaje-benkos-bioho/
http://www.encaribe.org/es/article/benkos-bioho/1840
http://axe-cali.tripod.com/cepac/hispafrocol/12.htm
http://afrikhepri.org/benkos-bioho/
https://eyesoncolombia.wordpress.com/2010/03/08/palenque-un-canto/
http://www.eluniversal.com.co/suplementos/facetas/benkos-bioho-un-heroe-olvidado-14115
https://eyesoncolombia.wordpress.com/category/afro-colombian-2/

Video
http://vimeo.com/14169370
http://www.dailymotion.com/video/xcdp6j_rigo-ruiz-y-su-bomba-caribe-benkos_music
http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x8gb5s_los-hijos-de-benkos_music#

Black People in Columbia
http://minorityrights.org/minorities/afro-colombians/
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jbQcWtSV5q0&feature=related

Nanny of the Maroons



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nanny_of_the_Maroons
http://www.yale.edu/glc/nanny.htm
http://www.jamaicans.com/articles/primearticles/queennanny.shtml

Granville Sharp



http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/sharp_granville.shtml
http://abolition.e2bn.org/people_22.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Granville_Sharp
http://www.brycchancarey.com/abolition/sharp.htm
http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/REsharp.htm
http://www.anti-slaverysociety.addr.com/huk-sharp.htm
http://bible.org/article/granville-sharp-model-evangelical-scholarship-and-social-activism

Harriet Tubman



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harriet_Tubman


http://teachingamericanhistorymd.net/000001/000000/000063/html/t63.html

Video
http://www.biography.com/people/harriet-tubman-9511430

Paul Bogle



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Bogle
http://www.kingwarrior-4jah.nl/homepage/show/pagina.php?paginaid=240590
http://www.itzcaribbean.com/history_jamaica_paul_bogle.php
http://www.jamaicans.com/info/heroes.htm

Frederick Douglass



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_Douglass
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p1539.html
http://www.biography.com/people/frederick-douglass-9278324
http://www.frederickdouglass.org/douglass_bio.html
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/0207.html
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/doughtml/timeline.html

Papers
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/doughtml/doughome.html

Of Interest
http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/history/2015/07/fourth_of_july_revisiting_frederick_douglass_s_fiery_speech.html

Nat Turner



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nat_Turner
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part3/3p1518.html
http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USASturner.htm
http://www.historybuff.com/library/refslave.html

Booker T. Washington



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Booker_T._Washington
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/stories_people_booker.html
http://docsouth.unc.edu/fpn/washington/bio.html/
http://www.gale.cengage.com/free_resources/bhm/bio/washington_b.htm


Videos
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fZCmwxxpwnI

Toussaint Louverture


Le plus grand révolutionnaire que le monde ait jamais connu.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toussaint_Louverture

Videos
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eHYBddzm3-A&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vZJaT3t90KU&feature=related



http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hriPCD_OZ9E&feature=related  1
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8sQWK4MUkYc&feature=relmfu  2
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hriPCD_OZ9E&feature=related  3

Toussaint L'Ouverture
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oPTXxzCGqx4  1
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y4LQNr8rTrM&feature=relmfu  2
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4eTBGtv3t7A&feature=relmfu  3
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CLFPWbgubqQ&feature=related  4

Haiti and the Dominican Republic
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6RlG4b3LV9o&feature=related

Chavez on Haiti
http://www.youtube.com/watch?NR=1&feature=endscreen&v=K3brNt8rdCU

Chomsky on Haiti
http://www.youtube.com/watch?NR=1&feature=endscreen&v=GMfJ1PS9Vuc

L'Abbé Grégoire



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henri_Gr%C3%A9goire


French
http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henri_Gr%C3%A9goire
http://www.histoire-en-ligne.com/spip.php?article1197

Olaudah Equiano



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olaudah_Equiano
http://www.brycchancarey.com/equiano/
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/equiano_olaudah.shtml
http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Sequiano.htm

Victor Schoelcher



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victor_Schoelcher
http://www.ohio.edu/chastain/rz/schoel.htm
http://www.unesco.org/new/en/culture/themes/dialogue/the-slave-route/resistances-and-abolitions/victor-schoelcher/
http://www.linternaute.com/biographie/victor-schoelcher-1/


Videos
http://www.ina.fr/video/2616829001008/bicentenaire-victor-schoelcher-qui-a-fait-abolir-definitivement-l-esclavage-en-1848.fr.html
http://www.dailymotion.com/video/xiy6bh_victor-schoelcher-et-l-abolition-de-l-esclavage-1-2_news#  1
http://www.dailymotion.com/video/xiy6by_victor-schoelcher-et-l-abolition-de-l-esclavage-2-2_news  2

Débat sur l'abolition de l'esclavage
http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x3xwpf_debat-sur-l-abolition-de-l-esclavag_news# 1
http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x3xxor_debat-sur-l-abolition-de-l-esclavag_news# 2
http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x3xxxj_debat-sur-l-abolition-de-l-esclavag_news#  3



French
http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victor_Sch%C5%93lcher  1
http://www.senat.fr/evenement/victor_schoelcher/index.html  2
http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x3xxor_debat-sur-l-abolition-de-l-esclavag_news#  3

William Wilberforce



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Wilberforce
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/wilberforce_william.shtml
http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/REwilberforce.htm
http://www.christianitytoday.com/ch/131christians/activists/wilberforce.html
http://www.mylearning.org/william-wilberforce/p-685/

Crazy Horse



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crazy_Horse
http://crazyhorsememorial.org/
http://twitter.com/CrazyHorseMem/


Videos
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ku8ga-krBe4
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2V4rXRHUx5w&feature=fvwrel


Related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rWsXFm1bHK8&feature=fvwrel
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dnxHsbmSWdU&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?NR=1&feature=endscreen&v=OLw56hHbpYI
http://www.youtube.com/watch?NR=1&v=KATOpoCvOFo&feature=endscreen
http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=endscreen&v=5yuUQzN-G2w&NR=1

Jul 24, 2012

Sir Lionel Luckhoo



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lionel_Luckhoo
http://thescreamauction.blogspot.ca/2012/04/sir-lionel-luckhoo-world-most.html
http://www.evi.com/q/facts_about__lionel_luckhoo
http://theemmauswalk.tripod.com/sirlionelluckhoo.html
http://www.hawaiichristiansonline.com/sir_lionel.html
http://www.dayton-fgbmfi.org/luckhoo02.htm
https://www.vulcanhammer.org/2007/07/12/sir-lionel-luckhoos-testimony/
http://www.caricom.org/jsp/pressreleases/pres106_97.jsp
http://guyanachronicle.com/site/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=46862:should-sir-lionel-be-among-our-great-writers&catid=10:letters&Itemid=6
http://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/records-3000/most-successful-lawyer/

The Luckhoo Dynasty
http://www.genealogymagazine.com/luckhoo.html

Videos
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lDMUtg9rdJE
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lDMUtg9rdJE&list=PL35DB52455996FB8A&feature=plpp_play_all

Biography
http://www.abebooks.com/SIR-LIONEL-LUCKHOO-Archer-Fred-Gift/3446868532/bd

Demerara Harbour Bridge



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demerara_Harbour_Bridge
http://www.triposo.com/poi/Demerara_Harbour_Bridge
http://www.thos-storey.co.uk/demerara_bridge.php

Photos
http://ravalonline.com/image-galleries/photos-guyana/demerara-harbour-bridge
http://www.panoramio.com/photo/530017

Articles
http://www.stabroeknews.com/2012/news/stories/07/23/no-traffic-on-demerara-harbour-bridge-after-mishap/
http://www.kaieteurnewsonline.com/2012/07/23/breaking-news-demerara-harbor-bridge-collapses/


Videos
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=czl6yNd2bRo
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vf694FtdAJg&feature=related

Related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9tkTqdBhc1c&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=endscreen&NR=1&v=FBR4Yv6DinM
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0lf-6suWMv8

Kokers (Sluice Gates)


Adventure Sluice

The coast of Guyana is low-lying and is protected from the ocean by the sea wall. Drainage, which is essential to ensure effective cultivation, is by a complex system of channels and sluices.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sluice
http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-a-sluice-gate.htm
http://www.jouvay.com/guyana/oglesluice/index.html

Photos
http://www.flickr.com/photos/kpillay/4814035469/
http://www.traveladventures.org/continents/southamerica/georgetown-seawall12.shtml
http://www.guyana.org/Guyana_Photo_Gallery/Guyana_Photo_Gallery.htm

Articles
http://www.guyanatimesgy.com/2012/07/21/200m-greenfield-pump-station-commissioned/
http://guyanachronicle.com/site/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=44636:as-attendant-slept&catid=4:top-story&Itemid=8

The Sea Wall

Kingston Seawall #4http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georgetown_Seawall
http://ravalonline.com/image-galleries/photos-guyana/photos-guyana-seawall-atlantic-ocean
http://www.travbuddy.com/Welcome-to-Guyana-enjoy-the-Sea-Wall-v10971

The Future
http://guyaneseonline.wordpress.com/2013/05/25/guyana-must-invest-against-sea-level-rise-dutch-engineer/

Videos
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lJoaLh2Nx3Y
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4U44msijptw
http://www.youtube.com/watch?NR=1&v=OmrmoFeWmLc&feature=endscreen  1
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lDZ3R9sg4FQ&list=UUJKmNQ2M258k_rtyTUHZj9w&index=3&feature=plcp  2
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=51yDYLHNEjw
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4AvL9U4hg2k
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QKNQA8-jAgc

Movie
http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1740044/
http://guyaneseonline.wordpress.com/2012/09/24/the-seawall-tales-of-the-guyana-coast-film/

Jul 23, 2012

Aquifer found in Namibia



Articles
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-18875385
http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/earthgwaquifer.html
http://www.eoearth.org/article/Aquifer

http://www.inquisitr.com/281339/namibias-newly-discovered-aquifer-could-provide-400-years-of-water/
http://www.ibtimes.com/articles/365417/20120720/namibia-aquifer-ohangwena-fresh-water-discover-well.htm
http://www.eoearth.org/article/Aquifer

Aquifers
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aquifer
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/africa/2012/04/2012420204337712453.html

G98.7 FM Toronto's Caribbean Radio Station

The Journey
https://www.facebook.com/G987FM
Listen Live!
http://g987fm.com/
http://news.nationalpost.com/tag/g98-7/
http://swaymag.ca/articles/will-new-black-music-station-go-with-the-flow/
http://canadianimmigrant.ca/immigrant-stories/fitzroy-gordon-beats-all-odds-to-launch-g98-7
http://missgo2girl.com/g98-7-fms-mc-bonde-hosts-the-2nd-annual-african-entertainmente-awards-of-candada/
http://torontoist.com/2011/11/the-new-spot-for-black-voices-on-torontos-radio-dial/120111114radio/
http://korrectnation.com/?p=29960
http://g987fm.com/g98-7s-iphone-app-is-now-available/
http://g987fm.com/gallery/


Videos
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oJTmtcuZiO4&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CpO6uY59vHA&feature=related
http://www.youtube.com/user/G987FM
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-dgFhrpWhW4
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pO3176iTcbg

Miscellaneous
http://caribflyer.com/carib/
http://www.caribbeantrakker.com/